Ranchi is the capital of a decade old state, Jharkhand. Jharkhand is known worldwide for housing first private Iron and Steel Company of India, Tata Steel. The most industrialized cities of the state include Jamshedpur, Bokaro and Ranchi and so, they attract a lot of migrant population from various regions. This migration has cultivated growth of real estate in Jharkhand.
Ranchi, being the capital city, is witnessing huge growth in its real estate sector with high investments pumping in. Real estate in Ranchi is soaring high with property prices growing almost five times in last five years. The investments by real estate developers and land owners are already bearing fruits with reaping of such great returns. Depending on locality, the rates of property, today, varies from Rs. 1,200- 1,700 per square foot in comparison to Rs. 400-500 per square foot five years ago. The hike in prices is proving expensive for locals but government is taking steps to ensure that they do not face the brunt of these developments.
Jharkhand State Housing Board is planning to develop various residential and commercial space establishments jointly with private builders of the area. The construction of various multi-storied apartments and commercial complexes is in pipeline across the state with Ranchi alone in possession of 19 plots. Since, government plans to develop Ranchi real estate in collaboration with private players like Parsvnath Builders, huge investments in this sector can be foreseen. The most interesting feature of the city is its natural beauty full of surging hills, little streams, calm lakes and brooks that together form a picturesque sight. It has retained its traditional touch in spite of moving towards modernity swiftly with large number of developments taking place. Beautiful waterfalls and rich tribal culture are among its other major attractions.
The tremendous growth in Ranchi has led to a boom in retail sector as well with leading retailers such as Reliance Fresh, Big Bazaar, Spencer, etc. opening up their outlets. Malls, five-star hotels and multiplexes are also under construction indicating the growth rate of hospitality sector. There is also a proposal for industrial expansion on 350 acres of land along with setting up of SEZs, educational institutions and healthcare facilities. The growth in IT industry and tourism activities has high potential for bringing in the economic boost in the city.
The vision set for Ranchi is to make it a ‘model capital city’ and 6Rs (of Redevelopment, Rejuvenation, Rehabilitation, Restoration and Preservation, Restructuring and Reforms) have been set in this line. The population of the city is expected to reach 15 lakhs by next year and the government seems to be all geared up to word towards making Ranchi ‘a symbol of progressive Jharkhand’. It has come up with a City Development Plan (CDP) that identifies land for new sub cities which would require 6400 hectares of land in order to accommodate growth till 2021. In addition to this, strengthening of management systems for urban planning, disaster mitigation, environmental management and management area also needs attention according to CDP. The government is also focusing on improving other amenities related to water supply, sewerage and sanitation, solid waste management, storm water drainage and urban transport. It is also chalking out plans for heritage conservation and tourism development, disaster management, effective urban governance, basic services to the urban poor, sustainability of investments and various other important issues.
With such commercialization of the city and improving living standards, Ranchi is gaining its position as a lucrative investment option. The positive push to both residential and commercial sectors has largely benefited the real estate of Ranchi.